A Coptic rights activist and advocate for minority rights, president of the Maspero Organization for Development and Human Rights. He was arrested at his home in Warraq on November 23, 2019, and his mobile phone, camera, and personal computer were confiscated. In state security Case No. 1475 of 2019, he is accused of joining a terrorist group and financing it, and publishing false news. He suffers severe chest allergies and had numerous breathing crises inside his detention facility. He is being held in solitary confinement.